Country Profile

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UNITED ARAB EMIRATES – COUNTRY PROFILE


Introduction

The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states – Abu Zaby, ‘Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn – merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra’s al Khaymah. The UAE’s per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region.

People

Population:

2,523,915
note: includes an estimated 1,606,079 non-nationals; the 17 December 1995 census presents a total population figure of 2,377,453, and there are estimates of 3.44 million for 2002 (July 2004 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 25.9% (male 333,661; female 320,368)
15-64 years: 70.9% (male 1,103,385; female 685,281)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 58,862; female 22,358) (2004 est.)

Median age:

total: 27.7 years
male: 35.7 years
female: 22.4 years (2004 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.61 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 2.63 male(s)/female
total population: 1.46 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Religion :

Muslim 96% (Shi’a 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4%


Government

Government type:

federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates. Member emirates are absolute monarchies.

Political parties and leaders:

none


Economy

GDP – per capita:

purchasing power parity – $23,200 (2004 est.)



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